techtiptom

Tech Tip Tom, formerly of WIBC 93.1FM and wibc.com

Month: November, 2012

This is absolutely fascinating!

This is absolutely fascinating! How a brilliant starlet created a worldwide technology boom.

It all started with a skin flick…

In 1933, a beautiful, young Austrian woman took off her clothes for a movie director. She ran through the woods… naked. She swam in a lake… naked. Pushing well beyond the social norms of the period, the movie also featured a simulated orgasm. To make the scene “vivid,” the director reportedly stabbed the actress with a sharp pin just off screen.

The most popular movie in 1933 was King Kong. But everyone in Hollywood was talking about that scandalous movie with the gorgeous, young Austrian woman.

Louis B. Mayer, of the giant studio MGM, said she was the most beautiful woman in the world. The film was banned practically everywhere… which of course made it even more popular and valuable. Mussolini reportedly refused to sell his copy at any price.

The star of the film, called Ecstasy, was Hedwig Kiesler. She said the secret of her beauty was “to stand there and look stupid.” In reality, Kiesler was anything but stupid. She was a genius. She’d grown up as the only child of a prominent Jewish banker. She was a math prodigy. She excelled at science. As she grew older, she became ruthless, using all the power her body and mind gave her.

Between the sexual roles she played, her tremendous beauty, and the power of her intellect, Kiesler would confound the men in her life… including her six husbands, two of the most ruthless dictators of the 20th century, and one of the greatest movie producers in history.

Her beauty made her rich for a time. She is said to have made – and spent – $30 million in her life. But her greatest accomplishment resulted from her intellect … and her invention continues to shape the world we live in today.

You see, this young Austrian starlet would take one of the most valuable technologies ever developed right from under Hitler’s nose. After fleeing to America , she not only became a major Hollywood star… her name sits on one of the most important patents ever granted by the U.S. Patent Office.

Today, when you use your cell phone or, over the next few years, as you experience super-fast wireless Internet access (via something called “long-term evolution” or “LTE” technology), you’ll be using an extension of the technology a 20- year-old actress first conceived while sitting at dinner with Hitler.

At the time she made Ecstasy, Kiesler was married to one of the richest men in Austria . Friedrich Mandl was Austria ‘s leading arms maker. His firm would become a key supplier to the Nazis.

Mandl used his beautiful young wife as a showpiece at important business dinners with representatives of the Austrian, Italian, and German fascist forces. One of Mandl’s favorite topics at these gatherings – which included meals with Hitler and Mussolini – was the technology surrounding radio-controlled missiles and torpedoes. Wireless weapons offered far greater ranges than the wire-controlled alternatives that prevailed at the time. Kiesler sat through these dinners “looking stupid,” while absorbing everything she heard.

As a Jew, Kiesler hated the Nazis. She abhorred her husband’s business ambitions. Mandl responded to his wilful wife by imprisoning her in his castle, Schloss Schwarzenau. In 1937, she managed to escape. She drugged her maid, snuck out of the castle wearing the maid’s clothes, and sold her jewelry to finance a trip to London .

(She got out just in time. In 1938, Germany annexed Austria . The Nazis seized Mandl’s factory. He was half Jewish. Mandl fled to Brazil . Later, he became an advisor to Argentina ‘s iconic populist president, Juan Peron.)

In London , Kiesler arranged a meeting with Louis B. Mayer. She signed a long-term contract with him, becoming one of MGM’s biggest stars. She appeared in more than 20 films. She was a co-star to Clark Gable, Judy Garland, and even Bob Hope. Each of her first seven MGM movies was a blockbuster.

But Kiesler cared far more about fighting the Nazis than about making movies. At the height of her fame, in 1942, she developed a new kind of communications system, optimized for sending coded messages that couldn’t be “jammed.” She was building a system that would allow torpedoes and guided bombs to always reach their targets. She was building a system to kill Nazis.

By the 1940s, both the Nazis and the Allied forces were using the kind of single-frequency radio-controlled technology Kiesler’s ex-husband had been peddling. The drawback of this technology was that the enemy could find the appropriate frequency and “jam” or intercept the signal, thereby interfering with the missile’s intended path.

Kiesler’s key innovation was to “change the channel.” It was a way of encoding a message across a broad area of the wireless spectrum. If one part of the spectrum was jammed, the message would still get through on one of the other frequencies being used. The problem was, she could not figure out how to synchronize the frequency changes on both the receiver and the transmitter. To solve the problem, she turned to perhaps the world’s first techno-musician, George Anthiel.

Anthiel was an acquaintance of Kiesler who achieved some notoriety for creating intricate musical compositions. He synchronized his melodies across twelve player pianos, producing stereophonic sounds no one had ever heard before. Kiesler incorporated Anthiel’s technology for synchronizing his player pianos. Then, she was able to synchronize the frequency changes between a weapon’s receiver and its transmitter.

On August 11, 1942, U.S. Patent No. 2,292,387 was granted to Antheil and “Hedy Kiesler Markey,” which was Kiesler’s married name at the time.

Most of you won’t recognize the name Kiesler. And no one would remember the name Hedy Markey. But it’s a fair bet than anyone reading this newsletter of a certain age will remember one of the great beauties of Hollywood ‘s golden age – Hedy Lamarr. That’s the name Louis B. Mayer gave to his prize actress. That’s the name his movie company made famous.

Meanwhile, almost no one knows Hedwig Kiesler – aka Hedy Lamarr – was one of the great pioneers of wireless communications. Her technology was developed by the U.S. Navy, which has used it ever since.

You’re probably using Lamarr’s technology, too. Her patent sits at the foundation of “spread spectrum technology,” which you use every day when you log on to a wi-fi network or make calls with your Bluetooth-enabled phone. It lies at the heart of the massive investments being made right now in so-called fourth-generation “LTE” wireless technology. This next generation of cell phones and cell towers will provide tremendous increases to wireless network speed and quality, by spreading wireless signals across the entire available spectrum. This kind of encoding is only possible using the kind of frequency switching that Hedwig Kiesler invented.

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25 Favorite Programming Quotes that are Funny

The best thing about a boolean is even if you are wrong, you are only off by a bit. (Anonymous)

Without requirements or design, programming is the art of adding bugs to an empty text file. (Louis Srygley)

Before software can be reusable it first has to be usable. (Ralph Johnson)

The best method for accelerating a computer is the one that boosts it by 9.8 m/s2. (Anonymous)

I think Microsoft named .Net so it wouldn’t show up in a Unix directory listing. (Oktal)

If builders built buildings the way programmers wrote programs, then the first woodpecker that came along wound destroy civilization. (Gerald Weinberg)

There are two ways to write error-free programs; only the third one works. (Alan J. Perlis)

Ready, fire, aim: the fast approach to software development. Ready, aim, aim, aim, aim: the slow approach to software development. (Anonymous)

It’s not a bug – it’s an undocumented feature. (Anonymous)

One man’s crappy software is another man’s full time job. (Jessica Gaston)

A good programmer is someone who always looks both ways before crossing a one-way street. (Doug Linder)

Always code as if the guy who ends up maintaining your code will be a violent psychopath who knows where you live. (Martin Golding

Programming is like sex. One mistake and you have to support it for the rest of your life. (Michael Sinz)

Deleted code is debugged code. (Jeff Sickel)

Walking on water and developing software from a specification are easy if both are frozen. (Edward V Berard)

If debugging is the process of removing software bugs, then programming must be the process of putting them in. (Edsger Dijkstra)

Software undergoes beta testing shortly before it’s released. Beta is Latin for “still doesn’t work. (Anonymous)

Programming today is a race between software engineers striving to build bigger and better idiot-proof programs, and the universe trying to produce bigger and better idiots. So far, the universe is winning. (Rick Cook)

It’s a curious thing about our industry: not only do we not learn from our mistakes, we also don’t learn from our successes. (Keith Braithwaite)

There are only two kinds of programming languages: those people always bitch about and those nobody uses. (Bjarne Stroustrup)

In order to understand recursion, one must first understand recursion. (Anonymous)

The cheapest, fastest, and most reliable components are those that aren’t there. (Gordon Bell)

The best performance improvement is the transition from the nonworking state to the working state. (J. Osterhout)

The trouble with programmers is that you can never tell what a programmer is doing until it’s too late. (Seymour Cray)

Don’t worry if it doesn’t work right. If everything did, you’d be out of a job. (Mosher’s Law of Software Engineering)

Handy Hardware Chart

 

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So, what can we talk about next? Send me your questions, comments, whatever!!

My new favorite website?

Check out:

http://foundmagazine.com

They collect FOUND stuff: love letters, birthday cards, kids’ homework, to-do lists, ticket stubs, poetry on napkins, receipts, doodles– anything that gives a glimpse into someone else’s life. Anything goes …

Like this:

E-Waste….

Electronics scrap, or e-scrap is generally anything that plugs into a wall or accepts batteries. E-scrap has surfaced as an important issue, because it can be dangerous if disposed of improperly. Many major retailers have instituted take-back programs and municipalities have created drop-off locations to help quell e-scrap issues.

At a time when China — which produces over 90 percent of the world’s output of rare earths, used in lasers, superconductors, computers and much more — has played hardball over exports, there has been renewed interest in extracting precious metals from electronic scrap — so-called urban mining.

Metals recovered from e-waste range from gold, silver, copper and aluminum to rarer metals like platinum, gallium, indium and palladium.

The most precious metals are found in CPUs, mobile phones and servers, said John Shegerian, CEO of Electronic Recyclers International (ERI), one the largest private e-cyclers.

“As the amount of rare earth declines and prices are high for traditional platinum metals, there’s probably going to be a stronger desire to recycle things like computers and motherboards to get those metals,” said Canaccord Genuity analyst Eric Glover.

“Longer term, the supply of these metals will encourage additional recycling,” he added.

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), e-waste is the fastest growing commodity in the waste stream, with a growth rate five times that of other parts of the business such as industrial waste.

Disposal Alternatives Organization is a green company with a mission.

Their  primary purpose is to promote recycling to protect the Earth.

The second purpose is to create green jobs and give them to persons with major barriers to employment.

I highly recommend Disposal Alternatives Organization:

http://www.daoindy.com

Disposal Alternatives Organization

2222 Hillside Ave.,
Indianapolis, IN 46218
(317) 375-7788
9-5 M-F 9-2 Sat